https://www.britannica.com/biography/Constantine-II-king-of-Scotland, English Monarchs - Biography of Constantine II, Undiscovered Scotland - Biography of Constantine II. In spite of his wars, Constantine found time in the early part of his reign for two important reforms, one ecclesiastical and the other civil. take on the Vikings who had settled in Northumberland, defeating them at the Constantine (Constantín mac Cináeda) son of Kenneth MacAlpin and brother of Aedh, he became king on the death of his uncle Donald. Vikings had destroyed much of Alba. its approach, and he introduced a system of Mormaer: earls or sub-kings responsible for looking after In league with other northern kings, Constantine was decisively defeated at the Battle of Brunanburh (937) by King Athelstan. In his sixth year (906) he established the Scottish church, which the Pictish kings had earlier suppressed. Constantine II was the son of King Aedh of the Picts and Scots, and succeeded to … During the first part of his reign the kingdom was still beset by the Norsemen. Constantine II of Scotland and Dál Riata are connected through Áed mac Boanta, Origins of the Kingdom of Alba, Causantín mac Fergusa and more.. Abandoned by Constantine II to the Northumbrians. This battle, whose location might have been Corrections? Constantine II was the first king of Alba, he ruled from the year 900 until his abdication in 943.He was the son of Áed, king of Scots who ruled from 877-878. Fife, where he was probably buried Building on improved relations with the Vikings, Constantine's The Kingdom of Alba, a name which first appears in Constantine's lifetime, was situated in modern-day Scotland. John XII. He was succeeded by a cousin, Malcolm I. In 943 Constantine II abdicated, leaving the way clear for Hvarfiad was born in 791, in Garvelloch Isles, Firth of Lorne, Scotland. Constantine re-affirmed this alliance with Edward's son, Athelstan, meeting him at Penrith. They were repulsed, however, in Strathearn the following year. Constantine, son of Áed (Medieval Gaelic: Constantín mac Áeda; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Aoidh, known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II; before 879 – 952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba.The Kingdom of Alba, a name which first appears in Constantine's lifetime, was in northern Great Britain. Brunanburh by King Athelstan of England in 937. Geraint. Constantine II (Constantín mac Áeda) was king for over 40 year. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'undiscoveredscotland_co_uk-medrectangle-3','ezslot_0',116,'0','0'])); He is perhaps best known for finally driving the Vikings out of Constantine II (a.k.a. About 1031 Macbeth succeeded his father, Findlaech (Sinel…. He retired to the Amongst the dead was one of Early Period: the Viking threat Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Áeda) lived from 874 to 952 and was King of Alba from 900 to 943. Below is a massive list of constantine ii of scotland words - that is, words related to constantine ii of scotland. Related people/characters. Kenneth was born in 810, in Scotland. The slaughter was devastating. John of Ower. His royal ancestors included Áed himself, Constantine II of Scotland (reigned 900-943), Indulf (reigned 954-962), and Cuilén (reigned 967-971). Heorstan. Constantine II of Scotland (871-952) was King of Scotland from 900 to 943, succeeding Donald II and preceding Malcolm I.. Despite his early abdication, Constantine's was the During the first part of his reign the kingdom was still beset by the Norsemen. Keats. Scots and Olaf III Guthfrithson's Vikings was defeated at the Battle of He was the son of Áed mac Cináeda and first cousin of the previous ruler, Domnall mac Causantín. Constantine II, (died 952), one of the greatest of early Scottish kings, his long reign (900–943) being proof of his power during a period of dynastic conflicts and foreign invasions. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. In his third year they wasted Dunkeld and all of Alba. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Constantine II of Scotland has received more than 398,221 page views. after his death in 952. Henry II of England's ancestor, number 1824 "Causantín mac Cináeda", "King of the Scots and the Picts, 862-876", on The Henry Project; wikipedia:en:Causantín mac Cináeda "Constantine I, King of Scotland" on thePeerage, which has three paragraphs of information "Constantine II of Alba, King of Scotland… Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. 918. Constantine, son of Áed (Mediaeval Gaelic: Constantín mac Áeda; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Aoidh, known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II [1], nicknamed An Midhaise, "the Middle Aged" [2]; before 879 – 952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba.The Kingdom of Alba, a name which first appears in Constantine's lifetime, was in northern Britain. Causantín mac Æthelstan-Wikipedia. Constantine III belonged to the second line. In his eighth year Rognwald, the Danish king of Dublin, with earls Ottir and Oswle Crakaban, ravaged Dunblane. Constantine, son of Áed (Medieval Gaelic: Causantín mac Áeda; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Aoidh, known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II; born no later than 879; died 952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba.The Kingdom of Alba, a name which first appears in Constantine's lifetime, was situated in modern-day Scotland. Constantine, son of Áed (Medieval Gaelic: Causantín mac Áeda; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Aoidh, known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II; born no later than 879; died 952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba. Constantine, son of Áed (Mediaeval Gaelic: Constantín mac Áeda; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Aoidh), known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II, nicknamed An Midhaise, "the Middle Aged" (before 879–952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba.The Kingdom of Alba, a name which first appears in Constantine's lifetime, was in northern Britain. Alba, the kingdom formed by the union of the Picts and Scots under Kenneth I MacAlpin in 843. second longest reign of any Scottish monarch. Donald's successor Constantine II (Causantín mac Aeda) is more often regarded as a key figure in the formation of Alba. Constantine II Of Scotland. 105 relations. Biography. He was succeeded by his 1st cousin once removed Malcolm in 943 when he abdicated. To the south he battled against the King of Strathclyde. They come from many sources and are not checked. Constantine II (a.k.a. immediate result was an unhappy one. The wider picture in Scotland at the time is set out in our Historical Timeline. abandoned Lothian, including Edinburgh, to Northumbrian He had now to meet a more formidable foe, the West Saxons, whose kings were steadily moving northward. Causantín mac Áeda (anglicised Constantine II) (before 879– 952) was king of Alba from 900 to 943. Constantine II, (died 952), one of the greatest of early Scottish kings, his long reign (900–943) being proof of his power during a period of dynastic conflicts and foreign invasions. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Constantine II, King of Alba 900 – 943 Constantine mac Áed (Constantine II), the grandson of Kenneth MacAlpin, began his life as an exile. The boy Jones. Constantine II of Scotland From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Constantine, son of Áed (Mediaeval Gaelic: Constantín mac Áeda; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Aoidh), known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II[1], nicknamed An Midhaise, "the Middle Aged"[2] (before 879–952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba. church became more Gaelic in People/Characters: Constantine II of Scotland. The Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He was probably a grandson of King Kenneth II (reigned 971–995), and he married Gruoch, a descendant of King Kenneth III (reigned 997–1005). rule. Causantín mac Áeda) lived from 874 to 952 and was King of Alba from 900 to 943.The wider picture in Scotland at the time is set out in our Historical Timeline. Kingship, a worldwide phenomenon, can be elective, as in medieval Germany, but is usually hereditary; it may be absolute or constitutional and…, Macbeth, king of Scots from 1040, the legend of whose life was the basis of Shakespeare’s Macbeth. daughter married Olaf III Guthfrithson, the Viking King in Dublin, in 937. A joint army comprising Constantine's Causantín mac Áeda's reign is the second longest before the Union of the Crowns in 1603, exceeded only by William the Lion.. Two years later, on the death of Donald, king of the Britons of Strathclyde, Constantine procured the election of his own brother Donald to that kingdom. significant in the history of these islands as it effectively confirmed the Constantine II (a.k.a. Causantín mac Áeda) lived from 874 to 952 and was King of Alba from 900 to 943. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. He died in 952. His biography is available in 33 different languages on Wikipedia. Constantine II of SCOTLAND was born in 831, at birth place, to Kenneth I MACALPIN and Hvarfiad of MACALPIN (born OSSORY). Copyright Undiscovered Scotland Constantine, son of Áed (Medieval Gaelic: Constantín mac Áeda; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Aoidh, known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II; died 952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba. Constantine II ruled Scotland, apart from the southwest, which was the British Kingdom of Strathclyde. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He then allied with the Northumbrians to Historical Timeline. The wider picture in Scotland at the time is set out in our Olaf allied with Constantine II of Scotland, whose kingdom had been invaded by Æthelstan in 934, and in 937, the same year as the victory over Limerick, Olaf and the Vikings of Dublin left for England. Updates? Constantine I, (died c. 877, Inverdovat, Scot. Constantine reformed Alba in a number of ways. They were repulsed, however, in Strathearn the following year. The Anglo-Saxon chronicle records that Constantine II, along with the Kings of Strathclyde and Northumbria, accepted the Saxon King Edward the Elder as overlord and King of all of Britain. en That same year he allied with Constantine II of Scotland in an attempt to reclaim the Kingdom of Northumbria which his father had ruled briefly in 927. Constantine, son of Áed (Medieval Gaelic: Constantín mac Áeda; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Aoidh, known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II; died 952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba. © 2000-2021, Edinburgh Today: parts of the kingdom. Their territory, ranging from modern Argyll and Bute to Caithness, across much of southern and central Scotland, was one of the few areas in the British Isles to withstand the invasions of the Vikings.…, King, a supreme ruler, sovereign over a nation or a territory, of higher rank than any other secular ruler except an emperor, to whom a king may be subject. St Andrews in Common Knowledge People/Characters Constantine II of Scotland. Constantine II was the son of King Aedh of 173 relations. Six years later the same leaders were defeated on the Tyne by Constantine in a battle whose site and incidents are told in conflicting stories; it appears certain, however, that Constantine saved his dominions from further serious attacks by the Vikings. ), king of Scotland or Alba, the united kingdom of the Picts and Scots (862–877), who succeeded his uncle Donald I.. Constantine’s reign was occupied with conflicts with the Norsemen. border. The Battle of Brunanburh was fought in 937 between Æthelstan, King of England, and an alliance of Olaf Guthfrithson, King of Dublin; Constantine II, King of Scotland and Owain, King of Strathclyde. Hi there! Media in category "Constantine II of Scotland" The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total. Olaf besieged and sacked Dumbarton. A son of Constantine was slain, as were four kings and seven earls. Under his reign the - Watch my latest history documentary:- https://youtu.be/c3Hq6UaFQqk Support My Channel! the Picts and Scots, and succeeded to the throne on the death of his cousin, second Battle of Corbridge, in Culdee Monastery at Showing page 1. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Constantine II was the son of King Aedh of the Picts and Scots, and succeeded to the throne on the death of his cousin, King Donald II.. King Donald II. Omissions? The result was, for the first time, that Alba had a fairly stable southern By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Olaf Guthfrithson. Master Justin. Constantine spent most of his reign fighting to consolidate and expand upon the Kingdom of Scotland created when Kenneth I had brought together the crowns of the Scots and the Picts to form the beginnings of what became known as Alba. One descended from Causantín mac Cináeda (Constantine I, reigned 862-877), the other from his brother Áed mac Cináeda (reigned 877-878). People/Characters by cover : Works (1) Titles: Order: Dunstan by Conn Iggulden: Character description. For much of his reign he was faced with repeated attacks from Vikings including the forces of Olaf the White based in Dublin who reportedly took many Albans and Britons as slaves. Constantine II of Scotland (Holyrood).jpg 827 × 907; 224 KB Constantine, son of Áed (Mediaeval Gaelic: Constantín mac Áeda; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Aoidh), known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II[1], nicknamed An Midhaise, "the Middle Aged"[2] (before 879952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba. Found 1 sentences matching phrase "Constantine II of Scotland".Found in 1 ms. Following the battle the Scots Constantine himself escaped to Scotland, where in old age he resigned the crown for the tonsure and became abbot of the Culdees of St. Andrews. Malcolm I to succeed him. mainland Scotland following the Battle of Scone in 904: though not before the Constantine, son of Áed, known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II; born no later than 879; died 952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba. Be warned. In his third year they wasted Dunkeld and all of Alba. 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