Guru Har Kishen was appointed Guru when he was five years and three months old. Guru Har Rai Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ) (31 January 1630 - 20 October 1661) was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on Tuesday, 19 March, 1644 following the footsteps of his grandfather, Guru Har Gobind Ji. Har Krishan was only five years old when he succeeded his father as … Guru Har Kishen who was the second and the youngest son of Guru Har Rai and Mata Krishan Kaur, was born on 7th of July, 1656 at Kiratpur. He was the grandson of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Even though he died at the young age of 31, he made many significant contributions to the religion of Sikhism within his short life. Before His death in October 1661, Guru Har Rai Ji designated his younger son Har Krishan as the next Guru. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/guru-har-krishan-6781.php Sri Guru Har Krishan Ji was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat 1713, (July 7, 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb was disturbed by the growing popularity of the guru. The guru felt that his elder son Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire and thus chose Har Krishan as the future guru even though the boy was just five years old. At age 10, in 1640, Guru Har Rai was married to Mata Kishan Kaur (sometimes also referred to as Sulakhni) the daughter of Daya Ram.They had two children, Ram Rai and Har Krishan, the latter of whom became the eighth Guru..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}J. S. Grewal (1998). He was the son of Guru Har Rai Ji, the seventh Guru of the Sikhs and his wife, Bibi Sulakhni who is also known as Mata Krishan Kaur. When he was near Panjokhara, a Sikh requested him to spend a day there as several devotees from faraway places were coming to meet the guru. [2][4] Ram Rai changed the verse to appease Aurangzeb instead of standing by the Sikh scripture, an act for which Guru Har Rai is remembered for excommunicating his elder son, and nominating his younger son Har Krishan to succeed him. Guru Har Rai is believed to have replied that if a man plucks flowers with one hand and gives it away using his other hand, both hands get the same fragrance.[10]. Known to be a very compassionate and kind person, he was concerned not only about the welfare of human beings, but also that of the animals. Guru Har Krishan was made to swear never to look upon the face of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb nor be persuaded go to his court where Ram Rai … The guru called the man and asked him to explain to the pandit the gist of the Bhagavad gita. In 1660, Aurangzeb summoned Guru Har Rai to appear before him to explain his relationship with Dara Shikoh. Guru Har Rai was the seventh of the ten Sikh Gurus. He started several public singing and scripture recital traditions in Sikhism. Guru Har Krishan Sahib was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat 1713, (Wednesday, 23 July 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. Guru Har Rai Sahib had two sons: Sri Ram Rai Ji and Sri Har Krishan Sahib Ji(Guru). [5] Har Krishan became the eighth Guru at age 5 after Guru Har Rai's death in 1661. Guru ji,s father was Shri Guru Har Rai Sahib ji, the 7 th Guru of Sikhs and Guru ji’s mother was Mata Kishan Kaur( Mata Sulakhni ji). At the same time, Chhajju Ram, an illiterate, village water-carrier of a low caste passed by. Guru Har Rai had brothers. When it became apparent that the guru would not survive, the Sikhs tearfully asked him to name his successor. Ultimately, Aurangzeb won, arrested Dara Shikoh and executed him on charges of apostasy from Islam. [6], The third Sikh leader Guru Amar Das had started the tradition of appointing manji (zones of religious administration with an appointed chief called sangatias),[11][12] introduced the dasvandh ("the tenth" of income) system of revenue collection in the name of Guru and as pooled community religious resource,[13] and the famed langar tradition of Sikhism where anyone, without discrimination of any kind, could get a free meal in a communal seating. pp. Cambridge University Press. The Muslim population was so touched by his selfless service that they called him “Bala Pir” (child prophet). This was to suit his own convenience and to save his life when the Emperor of Delhi was angry due to some words in the Granth regarding the Moslems. . The reason why Ram Rai was superseded has already been given in the last chapter. He was married in 1697 B.S. 62–63, 67–69. With great wisdom, he accepted the suffering as God’s will. He challenged the guru regarding his own knowledge of holy books. The Sikhs of the Punjab. Before His death in October 1661, Guru Har Rai designated his younger son Har Krishan as the next Guru. The Sikhs of the Punjab. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/guru-har-krishan-6781.php, Celebrities Who Look Beautiful Even Without Makeup, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings, Celebrities Who Are Not In The Limelight Anymore, 17th Century Spiritual & Religious Leaders. [6], Guru Har Rai was born to Nihal Kaur and Baba Gurditta into a Sodhi household. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. This post has been excerpted from an article originally appearing in the Spring 2015 SDI Ministry Newsletter. The guru easily recognized the real queen. Indian Male, See the events in life of Guru Har Krishan in Chronological Order. Before his death in October 1661, Har Rai designated his younger son Har Krishan as the next Guru. [3] He guided the Sikhs for about seventeen years, till his death at age 31. Har Krishan was a child of five when his dying father, Guru Har Rai, appointed him to be the eighth guru of the Sikhs, a position coveted by Ram Rai. Shri Guru Har Krishan Ji was the eighth of the Ten human shape Gurus of Sikhism. He was the youngest son of Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai… Guru ji were the 8 th Guru of Sikhs. Sri Guru Har Krishan ji was born to Sri Guru Har Rai ji, the seventh guru of Sikhs, and Mata Krishan Kaur 1656 in Kiratpur Sahib on Sawan Vadi 10, Bikrami Samvat 1713. He served all of them wholeheartedly, irrespective of their religion or community. Cambridge University Press. Guru Har Krishan (23 July 1656 – 30 March 1664) was born on 23 july and he is the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. The Sikh devotees were inconsolable at the untimely death of Guru Har Rai and it was the new Guru Har Krishan who consoled the followers, telling them to accept the God’s will. There he stayed in Raja Jai Singh’s bungalow where hordes of people came to see him and seek his blessings. Guru Har Krishan was born in Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan Kaur (Mata Sulakhni). 62–63, 67–69. The donation collectors, some of the Masands (local congregational leaders) led by Dhir Mal – the older brother of Guru Har Rai, all of them encouraged by the support of Shah Jahan, land grants and Mughal administration, had attempted to internally split the Sikhs into competing movements, start a parallel guruship, and thereby weaken the Sikh religion. He otherwise further boosted the military spirit of the Sikhs. Guru Har Rai (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ, pronunciation: [gʊɾuː ɦəɾ ɾaːɪ]; 16 January 1630 – 6 October 1661)[1] revered as the seventh Nanak, was the seventh of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion. Har Krishan was born on July 23, 1656, in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab, India, to Guru Har Rai and Kishan dei (Mata Sulakhni). He came to be known as the Bal Guru (Child Guru) and soon became very popular among the masses. Guru Har Krishan Ji the eighth Guru of the Sikhs was born in the Guru Ghar (Home of the Gurus) on 7 July 1656. Aurangzeb claimed that it disparaged the Muslims. He became Guru Ji at the age of five. Har Rai had one elder brother Dhir Mal. He was the second child of the seventh Guru, Sri Guru Har Rai Ji and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). Guru Har Rai sent his elder son Ram Rai to represent him. At that time, Delhi was being ravaged by a severe epidemic of cholera and smallpox. He became the youngest guru in Sikhism when he succeeded his father Guru Har Rai on 7 October 1661 as a five year old. Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab,India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan dei (Mata Sulakhni). Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan Kaur (Mata Sulakhni Ji). S. Grewal (1998). Guru Har Rai (em panjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿਰਾਇ, ɡʊru həɾ ɾɑɪ) (16 de janeiro de 1630 — 6 de outubro de 1661) foi o sétimo dos gurus siques.Ele tornou-se guru em 8 de março de 1644, aos 14 anos, [1] seguindo os passos de seu avô. Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb was disturbed by the growing popularity of the young guru and asked him to come to the Mughal court. Guru Har Krishan … After considerable thought, the guru decided to visit Aurangzeb and set out on his journey. ISBN 978-0-521-63764-0. Guru Har Rai was born to Nihal Kaur and Baba Gurditta into a Sodhi household. His father died while he was 8 years old. Much to the astonishment of the onlookers, the illiterate man started reciting a coherent commentary of the sacred text. Ram Rai, the elder son, had proved himself unfit to be Guru because he had changed the lines from the Granth. Spiritual & Religious Leaders Guru Har Krishan became ill with high fever following his selfless service to the sufferers of smallpox. He was born on 7 July 1656 at Kiratpur, in the Sivalik hills, in present day Ropar district of the Punjab. 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