. Maybe next thing you … In modern regional English dialects that use thou or some variant, such as in Yorkshire, it often takes the third person form of the verb -s. This comes from a merging of Early Modern English second person singular ending -st and third person singular ending -s into -s (the latter a northern variation of -þ (-th)). The use persists somewhat in the West Country dialects, albeit somewhat affected. Jesus begins by questioning Peter about His love for Him, and each time Peter answers in the affirmative, Jesus follows up with the command for Peter to feed His sheep. Scripture. (See Note there. Simon. 15:1-2 --- Every seventh year the creditor was to quit that which he lent to his brother if he were poor, as appears in verse 4. Of Hebrew origin; Joannes, the name of four Israelites. To love Thee as Thou lovest me I must borrow Thy very Love - then only, can I find rest. Perhaps from agan; to love. Lovest Thou Me? "O SON OF MAN! He would more than likely have drowned if the Lord had not saved him. John 18:17,25 Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou Me more than these? GW. Scripture Formatting × Scripture Formatting. In French, tu was eventually considered either intimate or condescending (and to a stranger, potentially insulting), while the plural form vous was reserved and formal. Summary: Does your love and commitment to God mirror His love and commitment to you? Like his contemporaries William Shakespeare uses thou both in the intimate, French-style sense, and also to emphasize differences of rank, but he is by no means consistent in using the word, and friends and lovers sometimes call each other ye or you as often as they call each other thou,[29][30][31] sometimes in ways that can be analysed for meaning, but often apparently at random. He used thou for the singular and ye for the plural regardless of the relative status of the speaker and the addressee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep. In Leonard Cohen's song "Bird on the Wire", he promises his beloved that he will reform, saying "I will make it all up to thee." He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. Similarly, the 1989 Revised English Bible dropped all forms of thou that had appeared in the earlier New English Bible (1970). And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. But you need to remember, the Bible says, THE LOVE OF MONEY IS THE ROOT OF ALL EVIL. 8 Let thy garments be always white; and let thy head lack no ointment. The use of the word "thee" in the song "I Predict a Riot" by Leeds band Kaiser Chiefs ("Watching the people get lairy / is not very pretty, I tell thee") caused some comment[43] by people who were unaware that the word is still in use in the Yorkshire dialect. It seems unnecessary to add this explanation, but not a few English notes on this verse explain the word "these" of the fishes, or of the boats and nets, as though the question was, "Lovest thou Me … [25], In the English translations of the scripture of the Baháʼí Faith, the terms thou and thee are also used. Eventually, this was generalized, as in French, to address any social superior or stranger with a plural pronoun, which was felt to be more polite. This was done to preserve the tone, at once intimate and reverent, that would be familiar to those who knew the King James Version and read the Psalms and similar text in devotional use. 16 He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? LOVEST THOU ME? In some dialects, however, thou has persisted,[38] and in others thou is retained for poetic and/or literary use. Although uncommon in English, the usage did appear, such as at the trial of Sir Walter Raleigh in 1603, when Sir Edward Coke, prosecuting for the Crown, reportedly sought to insult Raleigh by saying. The Book of Judges is the second of the Books of the Former Prophets in Hebrew Scripture, and serves as part of the Historical Books of the Greek Septuagint Old Testament, in the following order: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Samuel, and Kings, as well as the books of the Restoration.These continue as such in our Christian Old Testament of the Bible. Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative 1st Person Singular. 17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest [Phileo] thou me? So that according to the temper of our spirits, under sickness, accordingly it is to us a blessing or a curse. [24], In many of the Quranic translations, particularly those compiled by the Ahmadiyya, the terms thou and thee are used. Let the hands that bore our Savior bear it Into the awful presence of God; For thy feet with holiness are shod, And, if thou bearest it, he will hear it. The word thee is used in the East Shropshire dialect which is now largely confined to the Dawley area of Telford and referred to as the Dawley dialect. Give me the lowest place: not that I dare Ask for that lowest place, but Thou hast died That I might live and share Thy glory by Thy side. Pst W.F Kumuyi Message 2020, DCLM Daily Manna, Children Daily Devotional, RCCG Daily Devotional, MFM Daily Devotional, Inspiring Articles...Service to God and Humanity. [40], In traditional dialects, thou is used in the counties of Cumberland, Westmorland, Durham, Lancashire, Yorkshire, Staffordshire, Derbyshire and some western parts of Nottinghamshire. [citation needed]. Contents. John Bull. He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. Verse 16. John 21:4-19. [16] He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Rev. … (This is parallel to the history of the third-person form, in Old English -eþ, Russian, знает, znayet, he knoweth, Latin amat he loveth.) 450-1100)-language text, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Armenian-language text, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2008, Articles needing more detailed references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles with trivia sections from November 2018, Articles needing additional references from November 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. However, Samuel Johnson himself was born and raised not in the south of England, but in the West Midlands (specifically, Lichfield, Staffordshire), where the usage of thou persists until the present day (see below), so it is not surprising that he would consider it entirely ordinary and describe it as such. (1999) Blackwell Publishing. It is now largely archaic, having been replaced in most contexts by you. On the night of the betrayal, when Christ intimated that his disciples would forsake him in the trial he was about to suffer, Peter spoke up and asserted that though all others forsook him he would never forsake him. Alex Turner, the band's lead singer, has also often replaced words with "tha knows" during live versions of the songs. They answered him, No. I. I think Peter was one of the most colorful characters in the Bible. This is the usage in the first and second questions put by our Lord; but in the third our Lord uses Simon's word. O admirable Mother, present me to thy dear Son as His eternal slave, so that as He has redeemed me by thee, by thee He may receive me! In Lancashire and West Yorkshire, ta was used as an unstressed shortening of thou, which can be found in the song "On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at". [3] In the 17th century, thou fell into disuse in the standard language, often regarded as impolite, but persisted, sometimes in an altered form, in regional dialects of England and Scotland,[4] as well as in the language of such religious groups as the Society of Friends. 1 Timothy 5:18 For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. Notes on Second-Person Pronouns: Whatever Happened to 'Thou' and 'Thee'? May I have that love which conquers sin and purifies the soul—that love which can dare danger and encounter difficulties for thy sake. Ro 2:29. John 21:15-17 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? The scripture tells us that Jesus even served them. This system might seem fair humanly speaking as everyone has a say in how the country is run. The use of the pronoun is also still present in poetry. The use of the phrase tha knows has been widely used in various songs by Arctic Monkeys, a popular band from High Green, a suburb of Sheffield. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, NT Gospels: John 21:16 He said to him again a second (Jhn Jo Jn). Mark Ward. Thou lovest truth, not shadows or images, but realities; thou lovest truth in the inward parts, inside truth, a true heart, a pure conscience: he is a Christian who is one inwardly. THE BOOK OF JUDGES. [19], The 1662 Book of Common Prayer, which is still the authorized form of worship in the Church of England, also uses the word thou to refer to the singular second person. he uses the Greek word agapas; and when Simon answers, he uses the Greek word philo, i.e., "I love." 17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, [son] of John, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? Extra Small Small Medium Large Additional Settings . The preterite indicative of be is generally thou wast. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep. [citation needed], Fairly suddenly in the 17th century, thou began to decline in the standard language (that is, particularly in and around London), often regarded as impolite or ambiguous in terms of politeness. He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. I therefore was in fear of the glory of God, and did not follow to worship. Verb forms used after thou generally end in -est (pronounced /-ᵻst/) or -st in the indicative mood in both the present and the past tenses. At its beginning, the Quaker movement was particularly strong in the northwestern areas of England and particularly in the north Midlands area. Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest [Phileo] thou me? Extra Small Small Medium Large Additional Settings . Some of the Wurzels songs include "Drink Up Thy Zider" and "Sniff Up Thy Snuff". One might say, I LOVE MONEY. Does Your Love For Christ Place Him Above All Others? Top Text Author Text Info Notes Tune Timeline Arrangements Media Page Scans Instances 'Tis a point I long to know Author: John Newton Published in 274 hymnals Printable scores: PDF, Noteworthy Composer Audio files: MIDI. For example, in the following passage from Henry IV, Shakespeare has Falstaff use both forms with Henry. I am going to get all of it I can. 17 … Bernard’s choice of Scripture, for the work the Lord has led him to do. [citation needed] The possessive is often written as thy in local dialect writings, but is pronounced as an unstressed tha, and the possessive form of tha has in modern usage almost exclusively followed other English dialects in becoming yours or the local[specify] word your'n (from your one):[citation needed]. Feed my sheep.- `John 21:15-17 (KJV)-{DM} [15] So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? One verse per line ... 17 He saith unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? (What would you like for your dinner), and "'appen tha waint" ("perhaps you won't" – happen being the dialect word for perhaps) and tha knows (you know). in Shakespeare and the Bible). Jesus asked him again, a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” Peter answered him, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.” Jesus told him, “Take care of my sheep.” GNT. Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? ... and consequently of the divine authority of the scripture. John 10:11-16,26,27 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep…. The forms thou and thee are often transposed. Early English translations of the Bible used the familiar singular form of the second person, which mirrors common usage trends in other languages. The New Revised Standard Version (1989) omits thou entirely and claims that it is incongruous and contrary to the original intent of the use of thou in Bible translation to adopt a distinctive pronoun to address the Deity. It is used occasionally, but much less frequently, in the 1963 film This Sporting Life. Verb - Present Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular. Ro 2:29. In Ken Loach's films Kes, The Price of Coal and Looks and Smiles, the word is used frequently in the dialogue. He asked, "Lovest thou me?" [22] Modern Quakers who choose to use this manner of "plain speaking" often use the "thee" form without any corresponding change in verb form, for example, is thee or was thee. The converse—the use of the second person singular ending -est for the third person—also occurs ("So sayest Thor! Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick. May I have that love which conquers sin and purifies the soul-that love which can dare danger and encounter difficulties for thy sake. Ye remains common in some parts of Ireland, but the examples just given vary regionally and are usually restricted to colloquial speech. [39] It also survives as a fossil word in the commonly-used phrase "holier-than-thou". Icelandic þú ert. A cognate form of this pronoun exists in almost every other Indo-European language. Font Size. Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative 2nd Person Singular, Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular. -- John 21:15. The present indicative form art ("þu eart") goes back to West Saxon Old English (see OED s.v. • Marriage—“Live joyfully with the wife whom thou lovest all the days of the life of thy vanity, which he hath given thee under the sun, all the days of thy vanity: for that is thy portion in this life, and in thy labour which thou takest under the sun” (Eccl. But as the use of thou in non-dialect English began to decline in the 18th century,[18] its meaning nonetheless remained familiar from the widespread use of the latter translation. Thou hast bought me, and bought me wholly: then, Lord, take me this morning, baptize me in the Spirit; let me now feel an entire affection to thy blessed person. The games are set in late medieval dark fantasy worlds. Originally, thou was simply the singular counterpart to the plural pronoun ye, derived from an ancient Indo-European root. Joh 21:15 Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? A formerly common refrain in Yorkshire dialect for admonishing children who misused the familiar form was: See further the Wiktionary page on thou as a verb. He saith unto Him, Yea, Lord; Thou knowest that I love Thee. If we would be honest, we would have several answers. ), He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular. 4 But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus. From philos; to be a friend to (an individual or an object), i.e. The word thou / ð aʊ / is a second-person singular pronoun in English.It is now largely archaic, having been replaced in most contexts by you.It is used in parts of Northern England and in Scots (/ðu/). The true lover yearneth for tribulation even as doth the rebel for forgiveness and the sinful for mercy." In Diana Ross's song, "Upside Down", (written by Chic's Nile Rodgers and Bernard Edwards) there is the lyric "Respectfully I say to thee I'm aware that you're cheatin'." Keeping the commands of Jesus begins with recognizing what they are. By asking Peter, “Do you love me?” three times, Jesus was emphasizing the importance of Peter’s love and unswerving obedience to his Lord as necessary for his future ministry. (from Get Away Jordan) Words and Music by: William J. Gaither. For a long time, however, thou remained the most common form for addressing an inferior person. He said to him, Feed my sheep. Another might say, I LOVE GOOD HEALTH. Yes, certainly, even so. [28] When referring to God, "thou" is often capitalized for clarity and reverence. It is used in parts of Northern England and in Scots (/ðu/). Jesus saith unto him, a Feed my b sheep. Lovest Thou Me More Than These. 16 He saith to him again a second time, Simon, [son] of John, lovest thou me? In standard modern English, thou continues to be used in formal religious contexts, in wedding ceremonies, in literature that seeks to reproduce archaic language, and in certain fixed phrases such as "fare thee well". Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Singular. Many European languages contain verbs meaning "to address with the informal pronoun", such as German duzen, the Norwegian noun dus refers to the practice of using this familiar form of address instead of the De/Dem/Deres formal forms in common use, French tutoyer, Spanish tutear, Swedish dua, Dutch jijen en jouen, Ukrainian тикати (tykaty), Russian тыкать (tykat'), Polish tykać, Romanian tutui, Hungarian tegezni, Finnish sinutella, etc. Apostle Peter was a perpetual leader. In verse, the choice about whether to use the e often depended upon considerations of meter. One notable consequence of the decline in use of the second person singular pronouns thou, thy, and thee is the obfuscation of certain sociocultural elements of Early Modern English texts, such as many character interactions in Shakespeare's plays, which were mostly written from 1589 to 1613. The subjunctive forms are used when a statement is doubtful or contrary to fact; as such, they frequently occur after if and the poetic and. This came down unchanged[citation needed] from Indo-European and can be seen in quite distantly related Indo-European languages: Russian знаешь, znayesh, thou knowest; Latin amas, thou lovest. Thou is therefore cognate with Icelandic and Old Norse þú, German and Continental Scandinavian du, Latin and all major Romance languages, Irish, Kurdish, Lithuanian and Latvian tu or tú, Greek σύ (sy), Slavic ты / ty or ти / ti, Armenian դու (dow/du), Hindi तू (tū), Bengali: তুই (tui), Persian تُو‎ (to) and Sanskrit त्वम् (tvam). ” ( John 14:15 ). 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Gaither line Red letter Cross Footnotes! Him, Lord, thou knowest all things ; thou knowest all things thou.