This week was the only time Moses functioned not only as a priest, but as a High Priest. But even in the latest periods the office was restricted to a few families of great distinction (probably the bene kohanim gedolim, "[members of] high-priestly families"; Ket. He might not participate in a public banquet, but he might pay a visit of consolation to mourners, though even then his dignity was guarded by prescribed etiquette (Sanh. Then from 16-30 AD Caiaphas was High Priest. The Talmud teaches that neither the kohanim nor the Kohen Gadol were fit to minister unless they wore their priestly vestments: "While they are clothed in the priestly garments, they are clothed in the priesthood; but when they are not wearing the garments, the priesthood is not upon them" (B.Zevachim 17:B). The High Priest is considered the highest religious position of all those who served at the temple. The NJOP website is dedicated in loving memory of Ernest G. and Heidi Kahn. xvii. The Tabernacle the Children of Israel constructed in the Sinai wilderness, was dedicated on the first day of the Hebrew month of Nissan, about a year after the Exodus. According to Leviticus 21:11 he was not permitted to come in contact with the bodies of the dead, not even for his parents (regular priests could become unclean for the death of an immediate relative) Leviticus 21:1–3 ; and he was not permitted, as a sign of mourning, to leave his hair disheveled, to expose it, or to rend his garments (Leviticus 21:10 et seq.). J." This, however, is not clear; Hor. [1], The high priests belonged to the Jewish priestly families that trace their paternal line back to Aaron, the first high priest of Israel in the Hebrew Bible and elder brother of Moses, through Zadok, a leading priest at the time of David and Solomon. Explore NJOP 659–671, Munich, 1869). In the Bible, the days of mi’lu’im, however, refer to the seven-day “training period” prior to the dedication of the Tabernacle. In Modern Hebrew, mi’lu’im connotes reserve military duty that Israel Defense Force (IDF) soldiers who complete their compulsory service, are required to fulfil. According to Josephus,[12] birth on foreign soil was not a disqualification; but the disqualifications of Leviticus 21:17 et seq. A variant spelling of Horite is Horim, which is what Jews call their ancestors. Only the high priest was permitted to enter into what was called the “ Holy of Holies “, which he did once a year, on the Day of Atonement, for “the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest” (Heb 9:8, 11, 12). Celebrate the birthday of the greatest leader of the Jewish people by talking about his…, The Talmud (Shabbat 31a) relates the strange story of a non-Jewish man who wished…. Answer: The high priest was the supreme religious leader of the Israelites. As Jesus was not a descendant of Aaron, he would not normally have been eligible to serve as high priest; the "order of Melchizedek" emphasizes the precedent for his claim to priesthood. That mi’lu’im week began on the 23rd day of the Hebrew month of Adar. ; Sanh. Political (Messianic) sovereignty was represented by, or attributed to, a member of the royal house, while religious affairs were reserved to the high-priesthood, represented in the Book of Zechariah by Joshua. You might say that the prophet (Moses) was like the President, and the High Priest (Aaron) was the President-pro-tempore of the Senate. Priest: Before Moses: Called "Angel" Priest: Before Moses: Jethro. Priest: Benefits of for the Sustenance of Their Families . The High Priests were from the tribe of Levi. Contact Us Priest: Benefits of Firstfruits. Since Aaron was to serve as the first High Priest in the Tabernacle, he needed to train before he could properly assume the role. Lot, Lotan, and Nimlot are Egyptian titles. The ceremonial of consecration, extending through an entire week (Exodus 28-29; Leviticus 8), included certain rites which all priests were required to undergo: purification; the sacrifices; the "filling" of the hands; the smearing with blood. Though other priests would serve only when it was their week on rotation and on feast days (and even then their function was decided by lot), he was privileged to take part at his own pleasure in any of the priestly rites at any time. 39:1From the blue, purple, and scarlet material they made finely woven garments for ministering in the Holy Place, and they made the holy garments for Aaron, just as the LORD commanded Moses. Aaron was the older brother of Moses and Israel’s first high priest. He could not permit his hair to be disheveled, nor could he cut it ("Yad", l.c. A more robust description is offered in the book of Leviticus (8:1-36). After the Exile, the succession seems to have been, at first, in a direct line from father to son; but later the civil authorities arrogated to themselves the right of appointment. Sponsors 4, § 3). 22–28, according to whom the Nasi was the high priest, while the Av Beth Din was a Pharisaic tanna). According to this opinion, one must explain that even though Eleazar prepared the first red heifer, Moses is said to have done so because (according to TB Zevahim 102a) he, like his brother Aaron, had the halakhic status of a high priest. 1 ("ẓiẓ"), vii. 1); but polygamy on his part was not encouraged ( = "one wife"; Yoma 13a; "Yad", l.c. It is further taught that just as the sacrifices facilitate an atonement for sin, so do the priestly garments (B.Zevachim 88b). Like all of the priests, he had to immerse himself in the ritual bath before vesting and wash his hands and his feet before performing any sacred act. And so Aaron rejoices at God's choice of Moses as leader and Moses then rejoices at the choice of Aaron as high priest, even though the Midrash portrays this as Moses' punishment for not being eager to go on God's mission. Mi’lu’im service can accrue to almost a month annually. All rights reserved. Joshua son of Josedech is of the tribe of Levi, functioning as a high priest. 20; Ket. The linen garments were only four in number, those corresponding to the garments worn by all priests (undergarments, tunic, sash and turban), but made only of white linen, with no embroidery. In order to demonstrate to Aaron what to do and how to function, his brother, Moses, served as the temporary High Priest during the Inauguration Week. The Aaron the High Priest played second-fiddle to Moses. iii. xxvii. as president]; xx. 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